DTI-CITEM, Dagupan LGU team up to uplift local firms in PH biggest food show
MSME representatives from Dagupan City under the Produktong Dagupeño Marketing Cooperative (PDMC).
Products of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) based in Dagupan City, Pangasinan will be showcased during the three-day IFEX Philippines, the country’s biggest export-oriented food show on 25-27 May 2018 at the World Trade Center Metro Manila and the Philippine Trade Training Center (PTTC).
IFEX Philippines is the Philippines’ biggest export‐oriented food show organized by the Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions (CITEM), the export promotion arm of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI).
A total of 16 Dagupan-based MSMEs already confirmed participation in IFEX Philippines 2018 which is expected to draw thousands of visitors around the world. The exhibiting firms are members of the Produktong Dagupeño Marketing Cooperative (PDMC), a group of entrepreneurs assembled by the local government unit (LGU) last January 2018 to uplift the best of Dagupan‐made products.
“PDMC is proud to represent the best of what Dagupan has to offer to the world in IFEX Philippines,” said Fiona Mae Lopez, the Dagupan City Cooperative Officer. “This will be the first major trade event of PDMC as a cooperative ever since the group took off starting 2018.”
In partnership with CITEM, the local government of Dagupan City facilitated and subsidized the participation of the MSMEs to promote the city’s premier products and provide more livelihood opportunities for small businesses.
“The collective participation of Dagupan firms is a welcome development for the upcoming seafood edition of IFEX Philippines,” said Nora K. Terrado, DTI Undersecretary for Trade and Investments Promotion.
“Developing MSMEs is one of the priority growth areas of DTI under the Duterte administration. They are our partners for pushing for inclusive growth and it is now our turn to help them elevate their marketing promotions and export-readiness,” added Terrado.
PDMC members showcasing the world-class Dagupan Bangus includes La Catalina, Delia’s Marinated Boneless Bangus, Nak‐Nak’s, Nana Cion, Maria Endang, Noreen, Pugaro Fish Products and other bangus producers.
The group is also featuring some of the city’s other high-value seafood products and local delicacies from Mamang’s Homemade, Aling Galing, Jarold’s Super Desserts and Anne’s Cassava Chips.
Their products include lapu-lapu, talakitok, oysters, crab, shrimp, dried fish, cassava chips, organic nipa vinegar, ube halaya, roasted peanut, turmeric tea, palitao de yema, and other local treats.
Dagupan City local gov’t brings world‐famous bangus in PH’s biggest export food show
Dagupan Bangus, known for its sweet and savory taste, is set to make a splash in IFEX Philippines 2018.
Touted as the “Milkfish Capital of the World”, Dagupan City will take center stage in the 12th edition of IFEX Philippines 2018 on May 25‐27 at the World Trade Center Metro Manila in Pasay City.
With the theme ‘The Best of the Seas,’ this year’s edition will highlight Dagupan City’s wide product assortment of world‐renowned milkfish, locally known as bangus, other seafood offerings, and various local delicacies in their Regional Pavilion.
“We are proud to welcome Dagupan City as a premier addition to our roster of regional participants in the upcoming event,” said Nora K. Terrado, Undersecretary for Trade and Investments Promotion of the Department Trade and Industry (DTI).
“As a prime export promotion platform, IFEX Philippines is the perfect venue for Dagupeños to showcase the country’s national fish and show to buyers why their city is fast becoming the Bangus Capital of the World,” explained Terrado.
IFEX Philippines is the Philippines’ biggest export‐oriented food show organized by the Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions (CITEM), the export promotion arm of DTI.
“Everyone is invited to visit our pavilion in IFEX Philippines to enjoy Dagupan Bangus in various ways since we will offer it fresh and frozen in their cut of choice, deboned, marinated in corn oil, smoked, or stuffed,” said Dagupan City Mayor Belen Hernandez.
Dagupan Bangus: World’s Tastiest Milkfish
As a major commercial hub in the province of Pangasinan, Dagupan City prides itself with the reputation of supplying the world’s tastiest milkfish products with its sweet and savory taste, producing at least an estimated 16,000 tons of milkfish annually.
Thousands of jobs are generated through the bangus industry including farmers, processors, and dealers. As of 2017, there are 221 accredited milkfish‐producing businesses in the locality.
With its lucrative milkfish industry, Dagupan City mounts its annual “Bangus Festival,” a month‐long thanksgiving celebration highlighted with a showdown of the city’s finest catch and an iconic simultaneous grilling of thousands of Dagupan Bangus.
Last year, the heaviest bangus winner weighs 8.04 kilograms. This is considered as one of the heaviest ever recorded in the annals of the Bangus Rodeo, one of the major events of Bangus Festival. In 2003, the city’s grill line was also featured in the Guinness Book of World Records when it secured the record for the Longest Barbeque in the World (later taken by the town of Bayambang, also in Pangasinan).
According to City Agriculturist Ema Molina, Dagupan Bangus derives its distinct taste to the topographical arrangement of its fishing sites in brackish waters with fresh water coming from Mt. Ampucao in Benguet while the salty water comes from the Lingayen Gulf.
“The combination of waterbodies make Dagupan City the perfect place to raise bangus since this setup enables the breeding grounds to have more salinity than fresh water, but not as much as seawater,” said Molina.
Studies show that the soil was found to be low in phosphorus and high in calcium. The bones of the fish are bigger due to the high‐level of calcium concentration and this allows for more meat.
“The frequent tidal action also results in the flushing of soil and dirt in the fishing grounds, preventing unwanted change in taste and quality,” explained Molina.
“Constant flushing also contributes to the growth of lablab which fishes feed on,” she added.
Lablab is a naturally-grown aquatic plant that consists of diatoms, planktons, and benthic blue algae. In order to grow lablab, the water from the fishponds has to be flushed out and allowed to dry for a day.
Molina also shared that Dagupan Bangus can be distinguished by its lower tail that is shorter than its upper tail, which really makes it very unique as compared with other milkfish varieties.
Among its distinguishing features are its short head and short mouth, as well as its protruding belly which is considered as the most delicious part of the fish.
“Since Dagupan Bangus is well-known and sought-after in the market, other milkfish sellers are trying to fool buyers by cutting the lower tail shorter to make it seem like a real deal,” warned Molina.
To protect and promote their brand, the local government has instituted the Dagupan Bangus Industry Development program through an ordinance to maintain high standards in breeding, processing and certifying their milkfishes in partnership with DTI, the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) and other private entities.
“Through public and private efforts, we have developed a ‘farm‐to‐fork’ process for our bangus products, which involves the accreditation and recommendation of farms, dealers, processors, and retailers all over the country,” explained Molina.
Just last year, the city government opened a shared‐service deboning facility at the Malimgas Public Market that adheres to good manufacturing practices of milkfish processing.
“We have also instituted a tagging scheme to protect the interest of our patrons and consumers, so if you want to ensure that you are buying a genuine Dagupan Bangus, you need to look for a ‘Dagupan Certified’ yellow seal on the fish,” shared Molina.
World-class seafood and marine products headline at PH’s biggest food show
Global buyers are up for an exciting showcase of the Philippines’ premier seafood and other food segments in the International Food Exhibition (IFEX) Philippines, the country’s biggest export-oriented food show, on May 25-27 at the World Trade Center Metro Manila, Pasay City.
Organized by the Department of Trade and Industry‐Center for Trade Expositions and Mission (DTI‐CITEM), IFEX Philippines 2018 will stage its first special edition featuring “The Best of the Seas,” focusing on the fast-growing seafood market in the Philippine regions and other Asian countries.
“Now an annual event, IFEX Philippines continues to be the largest and widely anticipated food trade event in the country,” said Nora K. Terrado, DTI Undersecretary for Trade and Investments Promotion Group and CITEM Officer-in-Charge (OIC).
“For its 12th edition, we will highlight the Philippines’ finest seafood to satisfy the growing global demand for marine product and coastal cuisines, along with other exquisite food products across the globe,” added Terrado.
As one of the official business events during the country’s hosting of ASEAN in 2017, last year’s IFEX Philippines opened more trade opportunities and innovations around the world with the showcase of Philippines’ best and overseas participation of the European Union (EU), China, South Korea, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand and other countries.
The three-day event was attended by nearly 11,000 international and local visitors, including 2,057 high-profile trade buyers from top global retail giants and supermarkets. These buyers came from different regions across the globe, such as Europe, China and SARs, Middle East, East Asia, America and Southeast Asia.
For its 12th edition, the IFEX Philippines will excite buyers with the country’s top and emerging food export companies to promote Philippine food products and strengthen links with buyers, importers, and retailers in the global market. Meanwhile, the event will also put up an International Hall to host the top seafood and non‐marine products of leading companies and manufacturers from other participating countries.
Making a flavorful splash in its seafood edition, IFEX Philippines will also stage the Regional Seafood Pavilion, a regional showcase of world‐class seafood products and ingredients locally sourced from the coasts and diverse marine environments across the Philippine archipelago.
“We are tapping the country’s most marine-abundant coastal regions from Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. This is where we will bring key suppliers to make it easier for buyers to source in one pavilion the best fish and marine products, such as tuna, milkfish, prawns, tilapia, and other seafood from the Philippines,” said Terrado.
The Coastal Culinary Cuisine will then complete the culinary journey in a dynamic presentation of the Philippines’ most iconic and distinct regional seafood cuisines from top international and local experts to give an exquisite experience of the country’s heirloom flavors and traditions.
The Marketplace is also open for a one‐stop retail experience of premium food products ranging from seafood products, fruits and vegetables, meat and poultry, processed foods, homemade regional delicacies, and many more.
For those in want of much more inspiration and adventure, visiting buyers and exhibiting companies can also attend export and investment seminars to get new ideas and updates on the latest regulations, trends, and innovations in the food industry from renowned experts, researchers, lecturers and members of the academe.
DTI-CITEM is now accepting space applications from local and foreign companies aiming to connect with global buyers.
The International Food Exhibition (IFEX) Philippines, the biggest and most respected sourcing platform for Asian heritage food and ingredients, offers numerous benefits to exhibitors from market visibility to brand credibility.
A dynamic platform to strengthen connections with top international buyers, importers, and retailers, IFEX Philippines ensures exhibitors maximum exposure of their products and services as well as a valuable business matching and networking experience.
“With over 5,000 local and foreign trade buyers and visitors in the successful 2015 edition, IFEX Philippines is the prime stage for our local SMEs who wish to build their presence and expand their customer base; this is the ideal meeting place to create a lasting and profitable connection with the international market,” said CITEM Executive Director Rosvi C. Gaetos.
IFEX Philippines provides companies the chance to meet with a higher number of quality buyers in one or two days than one would typically be able to meet with through other forms of marketing strategies in a similar time frame.
Local and foreign visitors of IFEX Philippines are comprised of importers, retailers, wholesalers, distributors, consolidators, trading firms, retail chains, hoteliers and restaurateurs, airlines, ship chandlers, commissaries, caterers, service providers, and health and fitness specialists/consultants.
Major international brands sourcing at IFEX Philippines include among many others Americana Quality, Carrefour, Emke Group, E-Mart, Lulu, Met, Foodmarkets, Sysco, Takashimaya, and Woolworth, while Philippine brands are 7-Eleven, Duty Free Philippines, Hyatt Hotel, Metro Gaisano, New City Commercial Corporation (NCCC) Supermarket, Philippine Airlines, Puregold, Robinsons Supermarket, Rustan’s, Shopwise, SM, and Walter Mart.
DTI-CITEM develops SMEs into globally competitive industry players through IFEX Philippines
“IFEX Philippines offers more than just an exhibition and a business event. Through its different trade show features and programs such as food industry seminars, IFEX Philippines is also where entrepreneurs and enthusiasts feel the pulse of the food industry and see the direction it is heading, what is currently good or bad in the venture, and the other options they can consider to grow their business,” Gaetos added.
Products from Quezon City
In the 2015 edition, IFEX Philippines gathered food industry experts from around the world to give the latest updates on market entry requirements and food trends, agribusiness packages, and franchising. Market entry seminars with titles “How to Succeed in the US Specialty Food Market for International Companies,” “Korean Market Access Seminars for Philippine Food Manufacturers,” and “Doing Business with the European Union Using GSP+” were held along with “Halal Concerns and Awareness on Various Products” for the Halal seminar track; “How to Invest in the Right Franchise” for the franchising track; “Business Prospects in Organic Agriculture” for the agribusiness investment track; and “Setting Up Your Specialty Coffee Shop” for the specialty coffee track.
Products from Taguig City
Through CITEM’s Partner City Program, capability-building interventions in business, production, and innovation were introduced to select heritage and specialty food manufacturers in Pasig City, Quezon City, Taguig City, and Dagupan City for the Partner City Program. The program focused on the unique and specific needs of each company, assisted the SME food producers to become dynamic and competitive players in the local and international food trade industry.
Products from Pasig City
The products of the IFEX Philippines 2015 Partner Cities – gourmet food, snacks, pastries, processed meat and fish, local delicacies, condiments, sauces, and chocolates – were presented in a special setting open to local and foreign trade buyers during the exhibition.
Products from Dagupan City
In another trade show highlight, DTI-CITEM gathered in an exclusive business matching environment called the Grocer’s Exchange Mart or G-MART the leading Philippine food export companies equipped for private labelling to meet with top level buyers from global retail chain operators. It assisted both the exhibitors and the trade buyers in quickly finding the right exporter and distributor for their business.
The Department of Agriculture (DA), co-organizer of CITEM in IFEX Philippines, gathered companies from all over the country and featured fresh marine and agricultural products; processed meat products (bacon, chorizo, sausages, nuggets, etc.); a variety of healthy and natural food, snacks, and beverage made of coconut, banana, mango, pili, squid, fish, anchovy and corn; exotic tea and candies from chaya, guyabano, mangosteen, ginger, and turmeric; and heirloom rice. Through IFEX Philippines, small business from far regions were able to present their products to interested major supermarkets and retail chains.
IFEX Philippines is the springboard for more trade exhibitions – abroad
Participating at IFEX Philippines not only lets SMEs meet visiting trade buyers here in the Philippines, but also provides opportunities to join exhibitions and selling missions in other countries.
A prime mover in export marketing, driving numerous official Philippine participation in overseas trade exhibitions and notable promotional endeavors for food and beverage products, DTI-CITEM, takes SMEs with trade fair experience in IFEX Philippines to international food exhibitions such as Winter Fancy Food Show in USA, Gulfood in UAE, FOODEX in Japan, Food Taipei in Taiwan, Sial in France, and Anuga in Germany. DTI-CITEM provides thorough assistance to each company, from acquiring the necessary certifications to visual merchandising to transacting with interested buyers.
The 11th IFEX Philippines is slated on May 19-21 2017 at the World Trade Center Metro Manila (WTCMM) and at the Philippine Trade Training Center (PTTC) in Pasay City. Interested Philippine and international exporters and manufacturers are encouraged to participate in another exciting edition of the biggest food, ingredients, and beverage trade fair in Asia-Pacific.
IFEX Philippines is organized by the Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions (CITEM), the export promotion arm of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), with support from the Department of Agriculture.
CITEM is the owner and organizer of the trade exhibition Manila FAME: The Design and Lifestyle Event and venue brand HallONE: Design for Exports.
Interested parties may contact Ms. Rowena Mendoza at telephone number 8312336/8312201 local 257 or e-mail email@example.com, or visit www.ifexphilippines.com.
In line with its mission to promote, celebrate and inspire Filipino craftsmanship and creativity, HallONE, the country’s venue brand for year-round product sourcing, creativity and design-driven events, marked its first participation in the IFEX Philippines 2015 with a superb number of inquiries and interest from local and foreign trade buyers.
The successful 10th edition of the International Food Exhibition (IFEX) Philippines was held at the SMX Convention Center on May 21-24, 2015, as one of the parallel activities of the APEC Summit this year hosted by the Philippines. The Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions (CITEM), export promotions arm of the Department of Trade and Industry, organized the biennial IFEX Philippines.
“The inspiring success of HallONE in the recently concluded IFEX Philippines proves that it is a reliable wing in our agency’s promotion of the country’s export industry. With the sustained and steadfast conduct of activities in HallONE through product sourcing, creativity and design-driven events, exhibitions, and stakeholder support services, CITEM fortifies its position as the export promotions arm of the Philippine Department of Trade and Industry,” said Ms. Rosvi C. Gaetos, Executive Director of CITEM.
HallONE exhibited some of the newly launched artisanal and distinctive food products which elicited very strong interest and 116 inquiries from Philippine company owners and 25 inquiries from various foreign buyers including those from the United Arab Emirates, Korea, China / Taiwan, and Japan, among others. Bote Central Inc.’s civet coffee (Coffee Alamid) became an instant favorite among the products sampled for the show visitors, guests, and buyers, particularly among the East Asian buyers. Aside from beverage sampling, representatives of the Coffee Alamid company also explained about their support for the non-caging of Philippine civets and the empowerment of local coffee farmers.
Destileria Limtuaco & Company, Inc.’s free tastes of its artisanal beverages, utilizing natural ingredients like cacao, coffee, dalandan, calamansi, coconut sap and mango, also earned rave responses and inquiries from the HallONE buyers. The company also exhibited its notable liqueurs including the Lambanog, Manille, Intramuros, Amadeo, and Very Old Captain rum (IFEX 2015’s Katha product excellent awardee).
Some of the HallONE showcase which yielded positive feedback from buyers were Grand Alphatech International Corp.’s ready-made merienda mixes including those for ‘puto’, ‘kutsinta’, ‘sapin-sapin’ and other native Filipino snacks, as well as Raw Brown Sugar Milling Co.’s muscovado products.
The featured food products at HallONE’s exhibit area was accented by the abaca fiber containers from Tadeco Home Décor and the iconic planters from Lightworks Resources Inc. which were topped with topiary plants. These Home accessories, which are also featured at HallONE’s year-round facility in Pasay City, added an elegant and relaxed ambience to the overall exhibition of HallONE.
As one of CITEM’s signature brands, HallONE actively promotes and supports the growing Philippine export industry through brand building events and exhibitions. Likewise, HallONE brings the Filipino craftsmanship and manufacturing skill to global platforms such as IFEX Philippines as a celebration of world-class Philippine artistry.
HallONE opened its year-round sourcing facility on 20 December 2012 at the International Trade Center (ITC) Complex, Roxas Boulevard corner Sen. Gil J. Puyat Avenue, Pasay City, now featuring top quality export products not only from the Home sector, but also from the Fashion and Food industries as well. To visit its design-driven facility, contact its secretariat office at telephone number +6328312201 local 253/600.
A fresh crop of innovative food concepts had been selected by the Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions (CITEM), the export promotions arm of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), as the embodiment of SME innovation in the local food sector.
The 10 startup food companies were chosen through CITEM’s Red Box Food program, which serves as the primary platform for promising food enterprises, to showcase innovative specialty food products with strong potential for the international market.
Red Box Food was one of the highlights of the 10th International Food Exhibition (IFEX) Philippines, the biennial food trade show and a leading source of Asian food, ingredients, and raw materials.
“With the onset of the ASEAN economic integration, the Red Box Food program provides incentives to the local food SME sector to become globally competitive by developing artisanal food concepts that will surpass trends and widen the landscape of domestic cuisine,” said Rosvi Gaetos, executive director of CITEM.
Launched in 2013, the Red Box encourages and nourishes raw entrepreneurial talent from the fashion and luxury home furnishing sectors. This year marks the Red Box program’s first venture into the food sector.
Aside from the participation at IFEX Philippines 2015, Red Box Food assists the 10 chosen startups through the use of sustained market-engaging tools across various global platforms. With this effort, CITEM seeks to further cultivate the country’s reputation as a leading source of innovative food exports.
Artisanal food products are made by modern craftsmen who are intimately involved in the creation of their product — from ingredient selection, to production, all the way to branding and distribution. They are often produced on a small-scale basis, to preserve the quality of flavor and presentation.
Adam’s Seriously Good Ice Cream was initially created by Adam Lieberman to supplement the dessert menu of a local Japanese restaurant. Made with the finest ingredients through an intricate double cooking method, the artisanal ice cream took on a life of its own after the demand for it surpassed that of the other items on the menu.
From local organic peanuts to Spanish Manchego cheese, Adam’s Ice Cream takes no compromise in crafting their sophisticated flavors.
Made by self-confessed chocolate lover Miguel Vargas, Bucky’s Not A Brownie does its best to differentiate itself from the familiar chewy treat. Despite looking like one, it can be described as a combination of flourless chocolate cake, brownies, and fudge.
Bucky’s takes its name from Miguel’s childhood, a time of rebelliousness that is embodied in the sweet treat’s anti-brownie status.
Chili Chili Bang Bang is based from a slow-cooked chili con carne recipe that has been handed down as a family culinary heirloom. By creating variants with tasty new twists, its creators seek to introduce this rather obscure dish to the mainstream Filipino palate.
As a dip, a topping, or on its own, Chili Chili Bang Bang demonstrates the versatility of chii con carne.
Chef Arnold Bernardo combined familiar local ingredients with some international flavors to create Deep Dips, gourmet creations that have found more culinary applications besides dipping and topping. More than 40 variants later, the bottled mixes are poised to take traditional Filipino flavors to the modern international market.
Of all the possible types of food to make, Chef Arnold chose the underserved dips market simple because he wants to set trends instead of following them.
EDSA Beverage Design Group was borne out of the desire to explore the upper limits of liquid cuisine. The group develops coffee, cocktails, sodas, and beer using the best and freshest ingredients available in the market, resulting in some of the most interesting home-brewed beverages.
In the pursuit of the noble beverage, EDSA BDG also conducts beverage courses in at their headquarters.
There are sweet rice-based varieties of the Japanese sushi, but few cross the line to become true cake desserts like Pink Wasabi. Pastry Chef Anna Chua hand rolls Kashi Maki to create more than a dozen bite-sized flavors that combine the richness of cakes with the artistry of Japanese sushi.
Like traditional Japanese sushi, each Kashi Maki is carefully rolled by hand to create edible pieces of art.
Gerald Montelibano created Slurp Coffee after failing to find a shop that brews the blend he wants. The young brand is known for its readily available cold-brewed blend, but what sets it apart is the option for ordering batches that can be customized according to all sorts of preferences.
Each “dose” is served in an amber medicine bottle and is treated very much like a doctor’s “prescription.”
Husband and Wife tandem Marc and Tricia Castrodes quit their day jobs to create The Original Cookie Sticks — an interesting twist to an all-time classic. A desire to make cookies more convenient led to this handier version of the classic favorite, marketed as the perfect snack on the go.
The stick shape and cup packaging has been carefully thought out for maximum portability.
The many flavors of Up In The Clouds Ice Cream are quirky and artisanal enough to satisfy discerning palates without being too sophisticated for fun. Featuring variants such as Butterbeer and Me Lychee, the many tastes of this hip ice cream brand is a reflection of its creators’ light and creative attitude on daily life.
From a passion project, Up in the Clouds Ice Cream has grown to become one of the most sought-after treats in food bazaars.
Voila! Jars were created with one goal in mind: to enable just about everyone to make cakes on their own as they please. Creator Ryan Tan put together his love for French soufflé and Belgian chocolate to end up with three-step, ready-to-bake cakes in a jar.
Aside from simplifying the cake-making process, the creators of Voila! Jars encourage customization with just about any imaginable dessert topping.
The Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions (CITEM), the export promotions arm of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) co-organized this year’s International Food Exhibition (IFEX), with the Department of Agriculture (DA), ended its 10th edition with exhibitors and their new business alliances happily looking forward to a productive year ahead in their export sales.
In the welcome reception held at SMX Convention Center, Trade and Industry Usec. Ponciano Manalo, Jr. delivered a message from Pres. Benigno “Noynoy”Aquino III, “this event reiterates that the Philippines is now open for business with the international market, and that such program further empowers the industry of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in the country”. That the Philippines was open for business in the international market was evident in the volume of inquiries by foreign trade buyers translated into economically viable business opportunities for Philippine exporters and manufacturers.
Contributing to the successful four day event was the partnership of the public and the private sectors from several local government units, food exporters and manufacturers and the international market. The 10th IFEX Philippines 2015, the most talked about food and ingredients show, staged TasteAPEC@IFEX, the official parallel activity to the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit 2015, which featured top food products from over 750 exhibitors, guest chefs and baristas from the Philippines and APEC economies.